International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 9, Issue:3, March, 2020

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(3): 2387-2393

Socio-economic Characteristics with Constraints Opined by the Respondents under Soybean based Cropping Systems in North- Eastern Karnataka, India
N. Vijaykumar1* and Suresh S. Patil2
1Livestock Research and Information Centre (Deoni), Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University, Bidar, Karnataka, India
2Department of Agricultural Economics, College of Agriculture, Kalaburagi, University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur, Karnataka, India
*Corresponding author

The present study was under taken in North-Eastern region of Karnataka under that, Bidar and Kalaburagi district have selected. To analyse the resource use efficiency of soybean based cropping systems. Multi-stage random sampling technique was followed to choose the sample. In the first stage, two districts were selected based on the highest area under soybean crop in the North-Eastern Karnataka. In the second stage, two talukas from the selected districts were chosen based on the highest area under soybean based cropping system. Similarly, two villages from each talukas were selected based on the same criterion. Finally, 20 farmers from each village were chosen randomly. Thus, in all 160 farmers were selected representing 80 farmers from each district. The tabular presentation was followed to study the socio-economic characteristics of different size groups of sample farmers such as size of holding, cropping pattern, cropping systems, costs and returns. Further the data were elicited through opinion survey from the sample farmers. With regard to constraints faced by them the data were compared and contrasted with the help of averages and percentages. The average age of the sample respondents was 43, 45, 41, 44 and 43 years, respectively in CS-I, CS-II, CS-III, CS-IV and overall cropping system. The literacy percentage was highest in CS-I followed by CS-IV, CS-II and CS-III respectively. The major constraints faced by the sample farmers were climate variation, labour availability, marketing and finance followed by non-availability of quality seeds and price fluctuation were the other major constraints encountered by the farmers.

Keywords: Soybean, Cropping system, Constraint, Cost of cultivation, Marketing

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How to cite this article:

Vijaykumar, N. and Suresh S. Patil. 2020. Socio-economic Characteristics with Constraints Opined by the Respondents under Soybean based Cropping Systems in North- Eastern Karnataka, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(3): 2387-2393. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.