International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 9, Issue:3, March, 2020

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(3): 1082-1094

Degree of Adaptation Strategies by the Livestock Dependents of Drought Prone Districts of Bihar, India
Randhir Kumar Goswami*, Sanjit Maiti, Sanchita Garai, S. K. Jha,Bhakat, B. S. Chandel and K. S. Kadian
ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, (Indian Council of Agricultural Research),Karnal – 132001, Haryana, India
*Corresponding author

Water scarcity and drought are recurrent phenomena in Bihar. The present study was designed to identify and assess the adaptation strategy adopted by the livestock dependents to reduce the impact of drought on their livestock rearing and livelihood security. Adaptation strategies followed by the livestock dependents has recently become a subject of increasing importance in climate change research with an objective to reduce the vulnerability of climate sensitive people. Primary data collected by developing interview schedule with 240 households, which used to get various aspects of drought and drought adaptation strategies. The study accomplished with the help of Drought adaptation Index (DAI). The study found that 49 adaptation strategies were adopted by the livestock dependents which were further distributed into seven broad categories. Most significant adaptation strategies were feeding of extra crop residues, providing minerals supplementation and feed additives instead of green fodder, Storage of wheat straw/paddy straw and crop residues. The study also established that adoption of adaptation strategy was increased significantly with the increase in degree of drought proneness and herd size was the most significant contributor to the higher level of adoption of adaptation strategy.

Keywords: Climate, Drought, Adaptation strategy, Livestock dependents, DA I

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How to cite this article:

Randhir Kumar Goswami, Sanjit Maiti, Sanchita Garai, S. K. Jha, M. Bhakat, B. S. Chandel and Kadian. K. S. 2020. Degree of Adaptation Strategies by the Livestock Dependents of Drought Prone Districts of Bihar, India. Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(3): 1082-1094. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.