International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 9, Issue:3, March, 2020

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(3): 404-418

Standardization and Evaluation of Synbiotic Yoghurt
A. Ranjitham1 and S. J. Poornakala2*
1JSA College of Agriculture and Technology, Cuddalore, Tamil Nadu, India
2Dryland Agricultural Research Station, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Sivagangai (Tamil Nadu), India
*Corresponding author

The present investigation was carried out to standardize and evaluate plain, probiotic, prebiotic and synbiotic yoghurts using selected yoghurt commercial starter culture, probiotic cultures (L. acidophilus, L. casei, L. plantarum, and L. rhamnosus), and prebiotic fibre sources viz., oat flour, inulin and banana flour. Based on the acceptance of the product from the sensory point of view, the overall acceptability score for plain and probiotic yoghurt prepared with 2 % inoculation was higher than 1 % inoculation. Prebiotic yoghurt prepared with 0.5% oat flour, 1.0% inulin and 1.5% banana flour obtained higher scores when compared to the other prebiotic samples. Synbiotic yoghurt developed with 0.5% oat flour scored highest values among the other oat flour added samples. Synbiotic yoghurt developed with 1.0% inulin scored maximum values than other inulin added samples. Synbiotic yoghurt developed with 1.5% banana flour scored more values than the other banana flour added samples. The pH of the yoghurt samples was ranged from 3.20 to 3.41, total solid content 8.54 to 8.79 %, protein content 3.51 to 3.78 % and fat content 3.01 to 3.07 % in all the yoghurt samples. The viability of probiotics and total bacterial population was found to be highest in the treatment of T10 (Yoghurt commercial starter culture- 1 % + L. rhamnosus- 1 %+ 0.5 % oat flour). Growth of probiotic bacteria have been shown to be enhanced with prebiotics. It was found that till the end of storage there was no yeast and mold growth in the dilution factors 10-1 and 10-2. Hence it may be inferred that the prepared yoghurts can be deemed fit for storage up to 21 days at 4°C.

Keywords: Plain, probiotic, prebiotic and synbiotic yoghurts

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How to cite this article:

Ranjitham. A and Poornakala. S. J. 2020. Standardization and Evaluation of Synbiotic Yoghurt.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(3): 404-418. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.