International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences
ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 2 Number 4 (2013) pp. 117-125
Evaluation of phytochemical, Pharmacognostical and antimicrobial activity from the bark of Moringa concanensis Nimmo.
V.Balamurugan1,2* and V.Balakrishnan3 
1Research and Development Centre, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore-641 046, Tamil Nadu, India. 2Department of Biotechnology, Sri Vinayaga College of Arts and Science, Ulundurpet-606 107, Tamil Nadu, India. 3Department of Biotechnology, K.S.Rangasamy College of Technology (Autonomous), Tiruchengode-637 215, Tamil Nadu, India. *Corresponding author e-mail: 
The family moringaceae has a single genus Moringa, with 13 species, of which only 2 species have been recorded in India, Moringa concanensis and Moringa oleifera. M. concanensis Nimmo is a small tree indigenous to Northwest India resembling M. oleifera and it is abundant in Rajasthan, the dry hills of Konkan, Andhra Pradesh and is commonly found on recent alluvial land in or near the sandy beds of rivers and streams. The Indian traditional systems of medicine, especially ayurveda, have put forward a number of therapeutic claims for these plant drugs. The whole plant parts of the tree are used in the treatment of as cites, rheumatism, venomous bites and painful swellings. To the best of our knowledge no scientific report has described traditional claims regarding M.concanensis. In the present study the different solvent extracts of Moringa concanensis bark were subjected to preliminary phytochemical analysis pharmacognostical and antimicrobial activities against certain bacteria and fungi. The phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of alkaloids, carbohydrates, terpenoids, tannins, reducing sugar and amino acid. The antimicrobial activity was more in chloroform, aqueous extract than the acetone extract. 
Antimicrobial activity; phyto- chemical analysis; Moringa concanensis