International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences
ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 2 Number 4 (2013) pp. 97-103
Isolation and identification of bacteria causing urinary tract infections in pregnant women in vidarbha and their drug susceptibility patterns in them
*Poonam U. Sharma and Ulka Bidwai
Department of microbiology, J.B.College of Science, Wardha (M.S), India. *Corresponding author e-mail: 
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a common problem in women at all stages of life; this is particularly true of pregnant women. UTIs are an especially important topic in pregnancy, as this may cause complications such as pyelonephritis, hypertensive disease of pregnancy, anemia, chronic renal failure, premature delivery and fetal mortality. Knowledge about the type of pathogens responsible for urinary tract infections and their resistance patterns may help the clinician to choose the correct empirical treatment. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify the etiologic agents of UTI and to determine the patterns of antimicrobial drug susceptibility among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic. Retrospective analysis was carried out for 280 mid-stream urine specimens processed for culture and antimicrobial drug susceptibility testing between July and October 2012. 280 urine specimens were collected from women contacting Hospitals for children and & Delivery in various cities of Vidarbha that suffering from urinary tract infection .Isolated and diagnosed bacteria from pregnant women were : Escherichia coli (43.47%), Staphylococcus aureus (23.91%), Proteus vulgaris (19.56%), Klebsiella species (5.43%), Coagulase negative Staphylococci (7.6%).The isolated uropathogens showed resistant to ampicillin, co-trimoxazole, ciprofloxacin, ceftazidime and sensitive to nitrofurantoin and cephotaxime. In conclusion, E coli were found to be the common cause of UTI among the pregnant women. The presence of bacterial isolates with very high resistance to the commonly prescribed drugs leaves the clinicians with very few alternative options of drugs for the treatment of UTIs. So Culture and sensitivity of the isolates from urine samples should be done as a routine before advocating the therapy. 
Urinary tract infection; Pregnant women; uropathogens; antimicrobial susceptibility pattern.