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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017) [Effective from January 1, 2017]For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017)
[Effective from January 1, 2017]
For more details click here

ICV 2015: 85.95
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2015 - IJCMAS--ICV 2015: 85.95
For more details click here
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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2015: 85.95
NAAS RATING 2017: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(4): 2372-2384
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.604.277


Effect of Beverage Industry Effluent Irrigation Growth, Yield and Quality of Sunflower
T.S. Punith Raj1*, C.A. Srinivasamurthy2, S. Bhaskar3, S. S. Prakash4, and Prabhudev Dhumgond4
1CGWB, Ministry of Water Resources, Govt. of India, Bhubaneswar, Orissa-751030, India
2Central Agricultural University, Imphal, India
3Agronomy, Agro-Forestry and Climate change, ICAR, New Delhi, India
4Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, CoA, Mandya, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

A field experiment was conducted in the premises of Pepsico Pvt. Ltd., near Bengaluru during 2013-14 to study the effect of beverage industry effluent on growth, yield and quality of sunflower with ten treatments replicated thrice using RCBD design. The beverage industry effluent was neutral in reaction, medium in electrical conductivity (1.59 dSm-1), BOD (42.2 mg L-1) and COD (143 mg L-1) but low in plant nutrients content. Among the treatments, growth parameters like plant height, head diameter and number of leaves (184.5, 16.1 cm and 32.1, respectively) were significantly higher in treatment T10 at 60 DAS. Significantly higher dry matter production in leaf, stem, ear head and TDM were observed in T10. Significant increase in yield attributes such as total dry matter, head weight, kernel weight per head, number of grains per head, grain filling per cent, test weight and volume weight were observed in T10. Oil content and oil yield of sunflower crop varied significantly due to treatments. Fatty acids such as palmitic, stearic, oleic and linoleic acid did not differ significantly due to beverage industry effluent irrigation. Treatment T10 recorded significantly higher grain (3.43 t ha 1) and stalk yield (4.99 t ha 1) compared to other treatments. Significantly lower grain (1.83 t ha 1) and stalk yield (2.67 t ha 1) were recorded in T2.


Keywords: Beverage industry, Effluent irrigation, Quality of sunflower
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How to cite this article:

T.S. Punith Raj, C.A. Srinivasamurthy, S. Bhaskar and Prabhudev Dhumgond. 2017. Effect of Beverage Industry Effluent Irrigation Growth, Yield and Quality of Sunflower.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(4): 2372-2384. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.604.277