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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2015 - IJCMAS--ICV 2015: 85.95 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017) [Effective from January 1, 2017]For more details click here
Indexed in



National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017)
[Effective from January 1, 2017]
For more details click here

ICV 2015: 85.95
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2015 - IJCMAS--ICV 2015: 85.95
For more details click here
journals IJCMAS
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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2015: 85.95
NAAS RATING 2017: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(4): 722-726
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.604.088


Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B Surface Antigen (HBsAg) Among Patients at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Mumbai, India
Hemangi Ingale*, Pranali Medhekar, Nilma Hirani and Abhay Chowdhary
Department of Microbiology, Grant Government medical college and Sir J.J Group of hospitals, Mumbai, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a global public health problem. There is wide variation in seroprevalence of HBV infection. Majority of these infections are chronic and asymptomatic leading to complications like cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Aim of the study is to determine seroprevalence of HBV among patients who were attending a tertiary care hospital at Mumbai and to study their demographic features. Patients attending outpatient Department and inpatient Department who were advised for HBsAg testing were included in the study. HBsAg was detected using the Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Out of 21,782 patients who were screened for HBsAg, 529(2.42%) were positive. Among the positive cases, prevalence was highest in the age group of 31-45 years (37%). Seropositivity was higher in males (70.3%). Majority of these infections were asymptomatic (55.7%) and detected during routine screening for operative procedures, dialysis and antenatal care. Surveillance for seroprevalence of HBV is necessary for evaluating vaccination programs and other prevention and control efforts. Early diagnosis of HBV infection can prevent its spread and complications which results from chronic infection.


Keywords: Hepatitis B virus (HBV), Seroprevalence, Chronic infection.
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How to cite this article:

Hemangi Ingale, Pranali Medhekar, Nilma Hirani, Abhay Chowdhary. 2017. Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B Surface Antigen (HBsAg) Among Patients at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Mumbai, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(4): 722-726. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.604.088