|PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
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Index Copernicus ICV 2015: 85.95
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Seed spices occupy prominent place in the total basket of spices of the country and play a significant role in our national economy. The group of spices account for about 37 per cent and 18 per cent of the total area and production of spices in the country, respectively. Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) commonly known as ‘Saunf’ is an important and highly valued spice grown in India. This crop is widely grown throughout the temperate and subtropical region of the world for its aromatic fruits used in various food preparations such as soups, meat dishes, sauces, pastries, confectionaries, pickles, liquors etc. The fennel seeds are aromatic, stimulants and carminative. Rajasthan is the third largest producer of spices in the country and accounts for 12.48 % of the total production of major spices. The major fennel producing districts of Rajasthan are Nagaur, Sirohi, Jalore, Dausa, Tonk, Sawai Madhopur and contribute above 90 per cent of area and production of fennel crop. Fennel is an important commercial cash crop of arid and semi arid region. There is a wide scope to improve and increase the fennel production and productivity by enhancing the knowledge and adoption of fennel production technology. The present study was conducted in eight villages (four villages from Mertacity tehsil and four villages from Degana tehsil) in Nagaur district of Rajasthan. A sample of 120 fennel growers was selected from these selected villages by using simple random sampling with proportion sample method. The results indicated that 43.33 per cent of the total respondents were in important constraints group, whereas 38.33 per cent in most important and remaining 18.33 per cent respondents were observed in the group of least important constraints in the study area. It was also observed that Poor knowledge about irrigation management and Lack of knowledge about plant protection chemicals (Technical constraints), Supply of inferior quality seed by the agencies and Green color maintaining variety is not available (Input constraints), Lack of knowledge about market intelligence and Incorrect weight measurement by businessman (Marketing constraints), Late sowing reduces the yield and Cloudy weather and rainfall at the time of flowering (Miscellaneous constraints) were perceived as most important constraints by the fennel growers.