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Food has been a basic part of our existence and food nourishes the body. The study was based on the secondary data collected from NSSO household consumer expenditure survey (unit level data) 68th round was used to extract the necessary data required for the study. The results of the study revealed that the share of per capita monthly food expenditure to total monthly consumption expenditure for cereals, pulses, edible oils and beverages were falling over years in rural and urban households, whereas, there was an increase in the share of per capita monthly expenditure of meat, milk, vegetables, fish, egg, fresh fruits, dry fruits and spices in rural and urban households of Tamil Nadu. The Engel curves showed that the share of per capita monthly expenditure on cereals, vegetables and spices to total monthly food expenditure were decreasing across 12 fractile income groups and the share of expenditure on milk, egg, fish, meat, beverages, fruits and edible oil were increasing across different income groups. The share of per capita monthly expenditure on nuts was remaining constant across different income groups both in rural and urban households and the share of expenditure on pulses was decreasing across different income groups in rural households, while it was increasing across income groups in urban households.