|PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Index Copernicus ICV 2015: 85.95
NAAS RATING 2017: 5.38
An arid region is an area characterized by a severe lack of available water, to the extent of hindering or preventing the growth and development of plant and animal life. The cold arid region in Jammu and Kashmir is confined to Ladakh region, geographically located between 320 15’ to 360 north latitude and &750 15’ to 800 15’ east longitude. Due to its high altitude, the climate is extremely cold and dry. On an average soil loss from India land surfaces is 16 t/ha/year. J&K state is only next to Rajasthan in terms of highest percentage of degraded land (18.08%).The strategies for soil conservation must be based on: covering the soil to protect it from raindrop impact; increasing the infiltration capacity of the soil to reduce runoff; improving the aggregate stability of the soil; and increasing surface roughness to reduce the velocity of runoff and wind. Seabuckthorn act as an effective soil binder and helps in sand dune fixation in Nubra valley of Ladakh and has the ability to fix nitrogen directly from air through the nodules in its roots. Juniperus polycarpos at lower altitude and J. indica at higher altitude are ecologically the more suitable species for the successful implementation of conservation programmes. Salix spp. (willows) and Populas spp. (poplars) which give a bushy growth under Ladakh conditions should be vigorously planted.