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Index Copernicus ICV 2015: 85.95
NAAS RATING 2017: 5.38
A study was conducted to assess the prevalence of leptospirosis and prevalent serovars among goats in south Gujarat, India. A total of 459 serum samples were collected randomly from goats of different age groups and breeds of either sex. Goats were sampled from Navsari, Surat, Tapi, Valsad districts of south Gujarat. Sera were screened by Microscopic Agglutination Test (MAT) using seventeen antigens representing Leptospira sp. serovars. The result showed 25% (116/459) seropositivity among goats. The most common serovars in goats included serovars Pyrogenes, Tarassovi, Bankinang, Icterohaemorrhagiae, Shermani, Patoc1 and Pomona. Higher prevalence was noted in Valsad district (35.86 %) followed by Navsari (18.52 %), Tapi (7.89 %) and seroprevalence in these districts was dependent. Seropositivity was found to be 26.27% in females/does and 20.93% in male/bucks. Non-Descript breed showed higher seropositivity than Surti and Barberi breeds which are recognized breeds. Goats of 1-3 years age (26.76%) were more susceptible to leptospires than goats of above 3 years of age (25.19%) and below 1 year age (15.91%). However rate of seroprevalence was not dependent on age, breed and/or sex of goats. The high prevalence of antileptospiral antibodies among goats could constitute a threat to human and animals in areas of south Gujarat besides causing economic losses. Furthermore, this also warrants sero-surveillance in other species of domestic animals in this region to know exact epidemiology of disease and to combat public health risk.