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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2015 - IJCMAS--ICV 2015: 85.95 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017) [Effective from January 1, 2017]For more details click here
Indexed in



National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017)
[Effective from January 1, 2017]
For more details click here

ICV 2015: 85.95
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2015 - IJCMAS--ICV 2015: 85.95
For more details click here
journals IJCMAS
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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2015: 85.95
NAAS RATING 2017: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(3): 1560-1566
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.603.179


Bacteriological Profile and their Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern in Diabetic Foot Ulcers in a Tertiary Care Hospital, Puducherry, India
K. Manasa Saraswathy1, S. Pramodhini1*, C.P. Ganesh Babu2, S.Umadevi1 and K.S. Seetha1
1Department of Microbiology, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Puducherry, Sree Balaji Vidyapeeth University, India
2Department of General Surgery, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Puducherry, Sree Balaji Vidyapeeth University, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Diabetic foot ulcer is one of the dreaded complications of uncontrolled diabetic mellitus, leading to consequences like gangrene and amputation of foot. This study was conducted as an endeavor to scrutinise the major genera of bacteria which were in association with the infected diabetic foot ulcers and their antibiotic sensitivity pattern. This prospective analytical study included 100 samples from diabetic foot ulcer patients. Isolation and identification of organism were done based on standard laboratory technique. Bacterial susceptibility to antibiotics was determined by Kirby Bauer disc diffusion method. Analysis of 100 samples showed 77% were culture positive and 23% were culture negative. Of 77 culture positive 60 (77.9%) were monomicrobial and 17 (22.1%) were polymicrobial. A total of 97 bacteria were isolated from 77 culture positive samples, of which 67% were gram negative and 32% were gram positive bacteria. Antimicrobial sensitivity testing showed that 61.5% of gram negative bacilli were ESBL producers and 21% of Staphylococcus aureus was methicillin resistant. In conclusion, the prevalence of MDR organisms, MRSA and ESBL producing organisms are very high in the diabetic foot patients in India because of indiscriminate use of antibiotics which necessitates the need for continuous strict surveillance of resistant bacteria.


Keywords: Diabetic ulcer foot, Polymicrobial, Monomicrobial, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus.
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How to cite this article:

Manasa Saraswathy, K., S. Pramodhini, C.P. Ganesh Babu, S. Umadevi and Seetha, K.S. 2017. Bacteriological profile and their antibiotic susceptibility pattern in diabetic foot ulcers in a tertiary care hospital, PuducherryInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(3): 1560-1566. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.603.179