|PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org / email@example.com
Index Copernicus ICV 2015: 85.95
NAAS RATING 2017: 5.38
Blood stream infections are very common in the pediatric age group and these are one of the common causes of morbidity and mortality in neonates and children. In developing countries, the rate of blood stream infections in children is about 20–50% and it is estimated that one in five neonates is suffering from and blood infection. The present study was undertaken to determine the etiological agents causing blood stream infection and their antibiotic susceptibility patterns in pediatric patients. A total of 3255 samples with suspected septicaemia were processed aerobically. Culture positivity was 4.4%. Coagulase negative Staphylococci (53.65%) was the commonest isolate followed by K. Pneumoniae (35.48%). Around 27.27% of MRSA and 12.9% of ESBL producers were isolated in our study. All GPCs were 100% sensitive to vancomycin and teicoplanin and GNBs were 100% sensitive to colistin. Repeated isolation of doubtful pathogens confirms true bacteraemia. Specific antibiotic utilisation strategies like antibiotic restriction, combination therapy and antibiotic escalation and de-escalation may help to decrease or prevent the emergence of resistance.