|PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Index Copernicus ICV 2015: 85.95
NAAS RATING 2017: 5.38
Investigation of new cotton production strategies is needed to enhance the productivity and profitability. A field experiment was conducted in clay textured soil during Kharif season of 2014-15 to evaluate the effect of High Density Planting System (HDPS) and varieties on yield, economics and quality of desi cotton at Cotton Research Scheme, VNMKV, Parbhani. The experiment was laid out in split plot design consisting of four levels of plant densities viz., 45 x 15 (148148 plants/ha), 45 x 22.5 (98765 plants/ha), 45 x 30 (74074 plants/ha) and 60 x 10 cm2 (166666 plants /ha) in main plots and three levels of desi cotton varieties i.e., PA 08, PA 528 and PA 255 in sub plots. The result of experiment indicated that significantly higher seed cotton yield (2063 kg/ha), gross return (87586 ₹/ha ), net monetary returns(50031₹/ha) and B: C ratio (2.33) was recorded at plant spacing of 45 x 15 cm2 as compared to other spacing. The quality parameters were not influenced significantly with plant densities however; highest seed index (5.36 g) was obtained with 45 x 30 cm2. The desi cotton variety PA 528 produced highest seed cotton yield (2085 kg/ha), gross return (88017₹/ha), net monetary returns (50623₹/ha) and B: C ratio (2.34), ginning % (39.14), seed index (5.29) and lint index (3.40) than PA 08 and PA 255 varieties. Halo length was not affected considerably with desi cotton varieties.