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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017)
[Effective from January 1, 2017]
For more details click here

ICV 2015: 85.95
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2015 - IJCMAS--ICV 2015: 85.95
For more details click here
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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2015: 85.95
NAAS RATING 2017: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(3): 164-173
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.603.018


Effect of Jigsaw Co-Operative Learning Method in Improving Cognitive Skills among Medical Students
C.S. Vinod Kumar1*, Suneeta Kalasuramath2, Satish Patil1, K.G. Raghu Kumar1,K.R. Shama Taj1, V.L. Jayasimha1, K.G. Basavarajappa1, P. Shashikala3,Anand Kukkamalla4 and Thomas Chacko5
1Department of Microbiology, S. S. Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, NH-4, Bypass road, Davangere-577005, Karnataka, India
2Department of Physiology, S. S. Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, NH-4, Bypass road, Davangere-577005, Karnataka, India
3Department of Pathology, S. S. Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, NH-4, Bypass road, Davangere-577005, Karnataka, India
4Department of Microbiology, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal University, Karnataka, India
5PSG-FAIMER Regional Institute, PSG IMSR, Coimbatore, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

To shift the paradigm from a passive tutor driven tutorials to more responsible active learning by the students, a cooperative teaching learning method could be a good alternative. The Jigsaw approach, a model of co-operative learning, focuses on learning in groups with fellow learner co-operation and reassures team work. Thus, this study was aimed at assessing the effectiveness of jigsaw strategy in comparison to tutorials in enhancing cognitive skills among the medical students in microbiology. A cross sectional study was carried out at microbiology department for 50 consenting MBBS phase II students. Students were randomly divided into two groups A and B of 25 students each. They were prepared for either a jigsaw (Experimental) or tutorial (Control) a week prior on pre-decided topics. The same groups were crossed over for another topic. Students performance was assessed by pretest, posttest, and academic achievement level and retention test by pre-validated multiple choice questionnaires. The student perception on TL methods was evaluated by using learning experience questionnaires. Post test scores of both groups was found to be significant at the level of P<0.05. Mean of post test scores in the jigsaw is more than tutorial (12.4 v/s 9.7, crossover 13.3 v/s 11.2). Mean retention tests scores and absolute achievement level were high in jigsaw groups. The students preferred jigsaw over the tutorial. Jigsaw strategy is a robust instructional tool, well perceived by the students to enhance cognitive skills as inferred by the results and can be tailored to the needs of varied topics across different disciplines.


Keywords: Cooperative teaching learning, Jigsaw, Tutorial, Post-test, Absolute achievement level, Retention test, Effect size.
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How to cite this article:

Vinod Kumar, C.S., Suneeta Kalasuramath, Satish Patil, K.G. Raghu Kumar, K.R. Shama Taj, V.L. Jayasimha, K.G. Basavarajappa, P. Shashikala, Anand Kukkamalla and Thomas Chacko. 2017. Effect of Jigsaw Co-Operative Learning Method in Improving Cognitive Skills among Medical Students.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(3): 164-173. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.603.018