|PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Index Copernicus ICV 2015: 85.95
NAAS RATING 2017: 5.38
Leptospirosis is zoonosis, presenting as a febrile illness with protean manifestations. Since disease is amenable to antibiotic therapy, early diagnosis helps in better management and prevention of complications. In many parts of our country, prevalence is either underestimated or unestimated. Hence this study was conducted with the objective of determining the seroprevalence of leptospirosis among clinically suspected cases, describe the various sociodemographic parameters, occupation and risk factors among seropositive cases. This is a descriptive study, done at the department of microbiology, Hassan institute of medical sciences, Hassan, Karnataka, India, by including cases 253 cases over 2 year period based on the clinical criteria for diagnosis of leptospirosis as described in the NCDC (National Centre for Disease Control). The serum samples of these cases were tested by Ig M ELISA for leptospirosis. Overall seroprevalence among clinically suspected cases was 19.37%. Higher prevalence was noticed among males (22.29%). Commonest age group affected was 31-40 (29.63%) followed by 21-30 (21.43%). All the cases were febrile at presentation with constitutional symptoms like myalgia (83.67%), headache (79.59%) and conjuctival suffusion (53.06%). Among the seropositive cases, 8.16% cases presented with heart failure, 10.20 % with renal failure and 6.12% with hepatorenal syndrome. Seroprevalence found to be highest among sewage workers (30%), followed by construction workers (25.45%).