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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2015 - IJCMAS--ICV 2015: 85.95 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017) [Effective from January 1, 2017]For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017)
[Effective from January 1, 2017]
For more details click here

ICV 2015: 85.95
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2015 - IJCMAS--ICV 2015: 85.95
For more details click here
journals IJCMAS
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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2015: 85.95
NAAS RATING 2017: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(12): 182-194
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.512.020


Trends in Gonococcal Antimicrobial Resistance in Cameroon: Before and After the Launching of the Gonococcal Antimicrobial Surveillance Program
Ariane Nzouankeu, Antoinette Ngandjio, Carole Tayimetha, Gaëlle Tchouwa, Marcelle Abanda, Esther Sokeng, Marie-Christine Fonkoua
Laboratory of bacteriology, Pasteur Centre of Cameroon,Yaounde, Cameroon
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Neisseria gonorrhoeae is becoming resistant to most of the antimicrobials used to treat gonorrhea, leading to an increasing number of treatment failures worldwide. The aim of this study was to assess its current antimicrobial resistance trends in Cameroon. Surveillance of N. gonorrhoeae antimicrobial resistance was performed from 2008 to 2015 (before and after the launching of Gonococcal Antimicrobial Surveillance Program (GASP)) in Cameroon, using E-tests and disk diffusion assay. β-lactamase production was detected using nitrocefin discs. Resistance rates over the years were statistically compared for significance using the X² test; the two-sided P-values of <0.05 were considered statistically significant. A total of 294 gonococcal strains were isolated, with up to 6.9% isolates with decreased susceptibility to ceftriaxone were registered in 2013. Rapid and dramatic change was noticed in ciprofloxacin resistance getting from 9% (2012) to 54% (2015). 26% of all isolates showed simultaneous resistance to penicillin G, tetracycline and ciprofloxacin. In 2015, 02 isolates resistant to 7 out of 8 antimicrobials tested, including ceftriaxone and ciprofloxacin (currently recommended for gonorrhea treatment in Cameroon) were detected, susceptible only to cefixim which is not available in Cameroonian hospitals. These results highlight the urgent need to revise gonorrhea treatment guidelines in Cameroon.


Keywords: Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Antimicrobial resistance, Laboratory network, Cameroon, GASP.
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How to cite this article:

Ariane Nzouankeu, Antoinette Ngandjio, Carole Tayimetha, Gaëlle Tchouwa, Marcelle Abanda, Esther Sokeng, Marie-Christine Fonkoua. 2016. Trends in Gonococcal Antimicrobial Resistance in Cameroon: Before and After the Launching of the Gonococcal Antimicrobial Surveillance Program.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(12): 182-194. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.512.020