|PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
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Index Copernicus ICV 2015: 85.95
NAAS RATING 2017: 5.38
Enzymes are believed catalysts of nature. Lipases are multifaceted enzymes that are utilized broadly. Lipases exist broadly in nature, but only microbial lipases are industrially important. In last few years, fungal lipases gained important consideration in the industries because of their specificity to substrate and stability under different physical and chemical situations. Fungal enzymes are secreted extracellularly and they can be purified simply, which considerably decreases the cost and makes this source superior over bacteria. The several applications of lipases include hydrolysis of oils and fats, flavor development in food processing, modification of fats, resolution of racemic mixtures, removal of oil strains from clothes, estimation of amount of triacylglycerol in the person serum, removal of pitch from timber during paper manufacturing and chemical analysis. An elaborated study of lipase properties makes possible its application in appropriate industrial processes. So by keeping the huge applications of lipases in mind, the current review is focused on properties such as activity and stability profile in various pH and temperature, impacts of metal ions and stability in organic solvents.